Secrets of Luokesai Lake Bottom

3 kilometers South from Molėtai there is a Luokesai lake. It distinguishes with its clear water, beautiful environment and quietness, thus local inhabitants and Molėtai city guests like the resort created here a lot. However,  the lake is even more beloved by underwater archeologists nowadays as the Luokesai lake was revealed to hide the entire settlements from Stone and Bronze Ages at its deep bottom.

The Luokesai lake is of 1,04 sq. kilometers stretch. It includes 2 islands. The deepest place of the lake is 43,8 meters. Many scientists from all over the world pay a big attention to this lake. Archeologists have been studying the complex of ancient settlements  in the buttom of Luokesai lake for 10 years already.  In recent years  the Luokesai lake was included into the list of unique European archeological monuments.

The striking discovery was made the 7th of June,  2000. That  was the day when the very first Lithuanian lake settlement was found at the bottom of Luokesai lake. Impelled by this luck, scientists implemented active research works then. The exact plan of the settlement was reproduced the same year already as well as first archeological findings were casted up from silts then.

Years passed, but variety and number of unique 2500 years old findings was continuously surprising archeologists. Wooden constructions, remains of fireplaces, the line ceramics, flint tools, stone hatchets, brass decoration,  strings of wood grain and another findings appeared to be not only interesting, but also  very informative.  The Luokesai lake expedition revealed many new facts and archeological matters about prehistory of Europe. Building techniques of early Metal Ages, way of living and paleographical conditions were enriched with many new important specifications.

According to historical sources, European lake settlements were usually built on wooden posts over the water or somewhere on a lake shore where often floods used to flow watersides. In Europe the first archeological research of lake settlements began in the 19th century, in Switzerland. In Lithuania systematic researches were started only in the end of the 20th century, when a professional diving equipment was affordable.

In the end of 2009, a special exhibition for a 10 year jubilee of Luokesai lake expedition was opened in National Museum of Lithuania (Arsenalo str. 1, Vilnius). All exhibits there were brought straight from the bottom of Luokesai lake. Available until the 14th of February, 2010, the exposition enables people to see the secrets cover by water, silt and sands for thousands years.

Prehistoric findings in Lithuania are not only Lithuanian matter,  it is a continental matter. History before history belongs to people worldwide as it formed habits of all humanity, not of a particular nation. Thus, every prehistoric findings and researches are important for the whole world, wherever the works would be held at.