Trakai Historical National Park

The Trakai Historical National Park is extremely close to the city of Vilnius and is a one among the total of five national parks that Lithuania has and is the smallest among them. The main distinguishing feature of the Trakai Historical National Park is mere twenty five kilometres from the capital city of Lithuania called Vilnius. This is that it is situated in Trakai that also happened to be the ancient centre of all political activity in Lithuania. The Trakai Historical National Park was established in the year 1991 by the Lithuanian Restoration Seimas. The park has a total area of eight thousand two hundred hectares and around thirty two lakes that occupy a total area of around one thousand four hundred hectares.

The Trakai Historical National Park gained a lot of importance after Lithuania gained its independence in the year 1991. The overall landscape of Trakai is divided into two different kinds of area. A major part of the beauty is natural and was created by the forces of nature and the other part of it is created artificially due to the activities of humans. The pre-ice Age period is largely responsible as a contributing factor for the overall look of the terrain and a whole political and national body of legislation is actively involved even today in preserving the flora and fauna of the park. There are also other spell binding structures in the Baltic uplands and these are commonly referred to as the lake lands.

The Trakai Historical National Park has a number of lakes and marshlands and many unique formations due to the Ice Age as mentioned above. There exists here a chain of hills which are of the moraine kind and also undulating plateaus. These two features are mainly found in the southern part of the Trakai Historical National Park. The park is situated at an elevation of between hundred to two hundred and thirty meters above sea level. There is also an area called Dzukija that is a wooded lake and lies right in the centre of the town of Trakai. It also boasts of having umpteen forts, castles, manors, farmsteads and villages that are traditional in their layout. They have been able to retain the natural look and feel of the land surrounding the Trakai Historical National Park. This has resulted in the protection of the culture and the beauty of the entire landscape.