Suvalkija (Sūduva)

The region is located in southern and south-western Lithuania on the other side of Nemunas river. Because of its location, Suvalkija is also called Užnemunė (other side of Nemunas). In fact, Suvalkija covers the lands of historical tribe of Sūduviai. That’s  the reason for the name of the region. Suvalkija is a very loam land where large green fields occupies the biggest part of it. The single homesteads surrounded by greenery are scattered around the region likewise little green islands. Suvalkija is thought to be the region where there formed the literary language of today Lithuania. People of this region use the language closest to the national one. People of Suvalkija are famous for their cleverness as well as for being extremely economical. There are many anecdotes about characters of people from different ethnographic regions in Lithuania, but most of the anecdotes tell about the lifestyle of Suvalkians:
-    What does the Suvalkian do when it is very cold in winter?
-    He sits in front of a candle.
-    But what does he  do when it is really very very cold in winter?
-    Then he lights up the candle.

Suvalkians do not resent for being mocked as this is just a stereotypical description of regional characters and people of all regions are characterized somehow only not so pointedly. Suvalkija as a region also distinguishes from the rest of Lithuania in its folk festivals like „Gegužinė“ (May fest), the region is rich in culture and number of historically important people that lived and worked there such like Jonas Jablonskis, who is declared to be the greatest conservator of Lithuanian national language, the pioneer of national regeneration in Suvalkija Petras Kriaučiūnas, the poets Vincas Mykolaitis Putinas and Vincas Kudirka, the painter Vytautas Ciplijauskas and others. Suvalkians love their land a lot and believe in some it`s miracle features like magic spring in Višakio Rūda village, mystic lake of Žaltytis, located in Marijampolė district. The capital of Suvalkija is Marijampolė, the 7th biggest Lithuanian city famous for Museum of Partisans and Exile as well as for the oldest sugar fabric in Lithuania.

The ethnographic region of Suvalkija always differed from the rest of Lithuania in its better living conditions. The bondage was firstly abolished in Suvalkija, later various agrarian reforms gave Suvalkians more freedom and rights. Regarding better economical and educational conditions, the first intelligentsia in Lithuania appeared there. Lucky Suvalkians then brought to Lithuania first signs of national regeneration and that was the step for which the whole Lithuania is very grateful till nowadays.