Šiauliai

Šiauliai is the 4th biggest Lithuanian city located in North Lithuania. There are approximately 130000 inhabitants living in the 81 km2 area of the city. Despite being in North Lithuania, Šiauliai is called the City of Sun because of some historical circumstances. Šiauliai citizens are very proud of their city and are always happy to welcome city guests while showing them the best what they have.

History

The Šiauliai name was first mentioned in Livonian Order chronicles as the famous battle of Sun (Saule lit.) took place near Šiauliai.

In the beginning of its story, Šiauliai was only a defencive post against repressions of Teutonic and Livonian Orders, but after the triumphal battle of Grunwald (Žalgiris) in 1410, the city  started developing and prospered as an agricultural settlement. In 1445 a wooden church was built and the Šiauliai Cathedral in the same place where the first church was built stands and proudly marks the Šiauliai center nowadays. Šiauliai was considered as a city in 1589 and nominated to be given the Magdeburg  city rights then and soon after that, Šiauliai became an administrative center of Northern Grand Duke of Lithuania. However, in 17-18th centuries the prosperity of Šiauliai atrophied because of terrible deluge and epidemic so the city rights for Šiauliai were given only in 1791 by Stanislovas Augustas and the city blazon was certified. Since 1795 the Šiauliai city was considered to be a locality center and kept this position during later historical  changing in Lithuania governing.

Interesting places to visit

Šiauliai City is famous for its 7 Sun Objects, that symbolize the regeneration of Lithuanian culture and language, enlightening, the Battle of Sun and the beauty of the Sun City. The 7 objects include the sculpture of Daylight, the Cathedral of St.Peter and St. Paul, the Sun Clock Square, the stained glass named “The Battle of Sun” in the cinema and culture center “The Sun”, the monument for the Battle of Sun at a Salduvė park, the fountain called  “The Sun Disks” and finally the famous Cock Clock square which is an usual place for romantic dates or objective meets as it is even generally initiated to locate the meeting saying ”we`ll see you at a Cock ”. The Šiauliai boulevard is one of the oldest and longest boulevards in Europe. While walking the Šiauliai boulevard people see the little architecture objects like marvelous fountains and interesting sculptures. Šiauliai homes number of museums like the Museum of Bicycles, Photography, Radio and TV, Railway , Police, Firemen and even Cats museum. In addition to this, Šiauliai includes art galleries like 7 Colors, An Eye, the Stairs Gallery, the main Šiauliai Art Gallery. The lovers of architecture may delight the unique churches of renaissance and neo - byzantine styles. A very famous sightseeing place is the Hill of Crosses where not only the unique hill is worth attention but  also the monastery of Brothers Franciscans – a cosy spiritual home established near the Hill of Crosses.

Nowadays Šiauliai is considered to be one of the main cities in Lithuania which is active in modern developing. Šiauliai already has a modern sports arena, an airport, usually used for military purposes, in the future the city is planing to have a well developed industry park. Šiauliai always welcomes visitors and offers them wide variety of places to stay and to visit.

 

Šiauliai is our home

Flight over Šiauliai