The Museum of Genocide Victims

Lithuania has faced a lot of historic trials during its national existence. One of the most damaging and painful experiences was the Soviet Occupation in 1940-1990 when the Lithuanian independence, sovereignty and political system was inhumanly despoiled by the Soviet military forces. In order to mention those who suffered during the occupation and to collect the documents and other materials that tell the cruel historic truth about the genocide against the Lithuanian inhabitants, the Museum of Genocide Victims was set up in 1992.

The Museum of Genocide Victims is located in the center of Vilnius, near the Gediminas Prospect, which is the most expensive street in the Baltic states. It is the only museum of its kind in the former Soviet republics; what is more, it is unique because of its establishment in the same building where KGB (K(omitet) G(osudarstvennoĭ) B(ezopasnosti)) and other Soviet repressive institutions operated. The Museum building is a real historic witness of horrible physical and spiritual genocide plans against Lithuanians that have been made inside it.

Each visitor of this Museum is able to go back 50-70 years in time and face the horrible facts of Soviet aggression. In the basement of the museum building, visitors can visit the old prison, which now is exactly the same as it was. The prison was established in 1940 and was used for the imprisonment of fighters for human rights and dissidents. At that time the prison contained 50 cells but later only 19 common wards were used as rooms for the duty officers, fingerprinting, solitary confinement and torturing. One of those 19 cells is a former fusillade ward, which always gets the biggest attention of the visitors. On the ground floor of the museum, former room of the deputy chief of the prison there is located. The exposition called „Unequal War“, which  includes old maps, photos, and documents that tell about the Partisan War (1944-1953) is exposed there. The first floor holds expositions about the reality of the Soviet penal system, working and living conditions of prisoners in hard labor camps. An exhibition of clothes, footwear, prayer books, homemade crosses and other historical relicts catches attention undoubtedly. What is more, visitors are able to see the authentic past spying laboratory including all the past technologies.

Every visitor who is not indifferent to history will get the indelible impression as the whole exposition is comprised of more than 100 000 exhibits. In addition, the Museum of Genocide Victims organizes film screening and meetings with former political prisoners, partisans and deportees, offers survey tours and educational sessions. The Museum also takes its exhibitions to other towns an countries. Visiting the Museum of Genocide Victims is an inimitable chance to face the darkest historic moments and to compare the past and the present.

Open hours: Wednesday to Saturday 10:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m.
Sunday : 10:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.
Address : Aukų str. 2a, LT-01113, Vilnius