Marijampolė

Marijampolė is the 7th biggest city in Lithuania. It is situated in the East West Lithuania. Everyone in Lithuania knows that Marijampolė is an informal capital of Suvalkija. It is only 56 kilometers far from Kaunas. The territory of the city occupies 2050,7 hectares and is separated into 2 parts by Šešupė river. 6 bridges connects each city part from another. The city is mostly famous for many important historical personalities that used to live there. Nowadays it is famous for world famous singer Violeta Urmana who spent her childhood there, football, parish of Marian Fathers and a very exceptional dialect of local inhabitants.

History

The rudiments of Marijampolė city are found in 17th century. Then a village, located in the same place where Marijampolė is now, called Pašešupys was mentioned in historical chronicles for the first time. The village was constantly growing. In  the 18th century it became a market town named Starapolė. The 18th century was also meaningful for Marijampolė as after the fire, which destroyed the city a lot, countess Pranciška Ščiukaitė-Butlerienė financed building works of new monastery and church for  Congregation of Marian Fathers. In the foundation act of monastery the town was first time called Marijampolė. Magdeburg rights for the city were given in the very end of the 18th century thus Marijampolė became a privileged city playing an important market role in the region of Užnemunė (Suvalkija). Marijampolė became a significant centre of national movement in the 19th century. The national regeneration there was influenced by such eminent personalities like P.Arminas-Trupinėlis, P.Kriaučiūnas, J.Basanavičius, V.Kudirka, K.Grinius, J.Matulaitis-Matulevičius, A. Venclova. Distribution of forbidden Lithuanian books and newspapers was well developed there too. The land of Užnemunė then was part of Prussia according to partitions of Poland, but after Napoleon wars it again became part of Poland Kingdom. Marijampolė was still growing then thanks to German and Jewish settlers, but the First World war damaged the city a lot, luckily it was rebuilt during the years of Lithuanian independence. However, the second World War again demolished the city. During this war Marijampolė was occupied by Germany, the city was almost emptied. After that it was repopulated and rebuilt by Soviets. Moreover, for the whole period of Soviet occupation, Marijampolė was called Kapsukas in honour of one Lithuanian communist politician. Only when Lithuania got back its independence, the city got back its old name of Marijampolė.

Nowadays

Nowadays almost 69 thousand people live in Marijampolė. The city includes public offices, 27 educational institutions, number of football clubs, monuments for famous Lithuanian people. There are 3 churches, 1 Russian orthodox church and a monastery of St. Jurgis ( Marian Fathers) which is one of the main symbols of Marijampolė. In addition, there is a historical museum established in 1993. The museum was dedicated for Lithuanian partisans of the so called Tauras district. Relicts, guns, documents, pictures from real life of partisans are exposed there in order to remember the terrible period or partisan fights for Lithuanian sovereignty. Marijampolė also includes the art gallery, the center of culture and the oldest sugar fabric in Lithuania “Arvi cukrus” which was opened in 1931.  By the way, the fabric has extended its preserve. The newest branch of business of this company is production of biodiesel which is mostly exported to foreign countries.

Marijampolė city is a nice place for tourism as overall there are more than 10 various museums, rural tourism possibility, many activites like horse riding, ritual bathhouses, bowling, billiard, wellness center, sailing club, karting, night clubs and casinos are available. Number of cozy hotels are welcoming city guests for a nice stay in the city in order only good memories and experiences would be left.

A very important aspect of the location of Marijampolė district is that it is straight on the intersection of most important highways in Lithuania. one of them is Via Baltica connecting North and South Europe, another one - connecting Kaliningrad, Minsk and Moscow. The interaction of most important points in Europe around Marijampolė as well as the fact that this crossroad is in Lithuania itself, symbolizes that the region was influenced by many different cultures through the history.  Maybe that is the reason why it is so interesting to visit.