Knee Arthroscopy in Kaunas Lithuania

Knee arthroscopy Lithuania in Kaunas clinic
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Defining knee arthroscopy
Knee arthroscopy technique
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1.100 € / 880 £ / 1.350 $

(knee arthroscopy surgery)

Defining knee arthroscopy

Knee arthroscopy is done by making small incisions on the knee joint (arthro-) and looking (-scopy) inside using a tiny camera and medical instruments to fix knee problems.The surgeon can use arthroscopy for repairing or removing damaged tissue from the knee joint

Generally, knee arthroscopy is used to diagnose and treat a variety of knee problems. The common indications are:

  • Meniscal tears
  • Removal of loose bodies
  • Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears
  • Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) tears
  • Synovectomy (removal of impaired synovial tissue) in cases of rheunatoid arthritis, infections (pyogenic arthritis, tuberculous arthritis), synovial chondromatosis (multiple loose bodies), pigmented villodular synovitis
  • Articular cartilage injuries and defects requiring mosaicplasty, abrasion arthroplasty or autolougaus cartilage implantation (ACI)
  • Joint debridement & washout for osteoarthritis in order to reduce a pain
  • Lateral retinacular release for patellar maltracking
  • Patellar clunk syndrome following total knee replacement
  • Arthroscopic assisted fixation of tibial plateau fractures
  • Evaluating knee joint prior to doing Unicompartmental knee replacement (UKR) or High tibial osteotomy (HTO)
Recommended clinic

Nordorthopaedics a private orthopaedic clinic in Lithuania. Modern facilities, highly qualified medical personnel led by European level surgeon distinguish the clinic in the region.

Knee arthroscopy Lithuania in our private clinic our orthopaedic clinic in Kaunas

Preparation for knee arthroscopy

Before performing knee arthroscopy a patient will have a complete physical examination with family physician. Doctor should assess the patient‘s health and identify any problems that could interfere with surgery.

It is very imortant to found out all medications and suplements that the  patient takes. Some pre-operative tests may be performed, including blood counts or an EKG. Usually arthroscopic knee surgery is done on an outpatient basis.

Procedure may be performed under local, regional, or general anaesthesia:

  • Local anaesthesia anesthetize only the knee
  • Regional anaesthesia numbs patient below the waist
  • General anaesthesia puts patient to sleep

The anaesthesiologist  helps you decide which method would be the best.

Knee arthroscopy technique

After adequate anaesthesia, the surgeon will make little incisions to gain access to the knee joint. These incisions are placed in specific locations in order to minimize the risk of injury to surrounding nerves, vessels, and tendons. Salt water is pumped into knee to stretch the knee. Using one incision, a camera is placed into the joint and through others, small instruments can be used to deal with the problem. The doctor looks at the monitor to see the inside of your knee. Bone or cartilage peaces and portions of torn menisci may be removed through the arthroscope. Moreover, a torn ligament or meniscus can be repaired using knee arthroscopy.

The length of procedure varies depending on what the surgeon needs to accomplish. At the end of the procedure, the saline is drained from the knee. The surgeon closes cuts with stitches and covers them with a dressing.

Patients under regional or local anaesthesia have opportunity to observe operation in monitors and see what is causing a problem.

Advantages of knee arthroscopy

The most important advantages of an arthroscopy compared with traditional open surgery are:

  • Knee arthroscopy is generally easier on the patient than open surgery.
  • Most patients have arthroscopic surgery as outpatients. Procedure is early in the day and patient can leave in the afternoon or early evening.
  • Because of small wounds, the immediate postoperative pain is reduced.
  • The recovery time is faster
  • Smaller scars
  • A lower risk of complications

Complications after knee arthroscopy are not common since the procedure is considered a low-risk surgery. However, there are still a few risks:

  • Bleeding of the knee joint
  • Knee stiffness
  • Damage to the cartilage, meniscus, or ligaments in the knee
  • Trombosis of leg vessels
  • Injury to a blood vessel or nerve
  • Knee joint infection
  • Warning signs of complications include fever, chills, increasing pain in calf muscle,  large knee swelling,  persistent or increased pain,  persistent redness and warmth around a knee joint.

The recovery depends on many factors, mostly how extensive the damage is in the knee and what is done during the  procedure. Most patients are allowed to go home the same day after the surgery. Usually, crutches are used for 3 to 7 days. However, weight may be placed on the operated limb as tolerated. Also it is recommended to put ice, rest and elevate the leg. Physical therapy is prescribed to individual basis. It is not necessary for all patients.

It takes 1-3 weeks before patients can drive. It depends upon many factors including the affected knee, level of pain, consumption of narcotic analgetics, nature of surgery and the car's transmission. Most people can return to a sitting job at 1 week after surgery. The patients who lift heavy things or walk a lot at their work may take longer. Other activities are progressed on the ground of the amount of pain and swelling in the operated knee. It normally takes around 3 weeks to recover completely and resume daily activities, but it may be 2 - 3 months before one can take up sport again. Finally, the more damaged the knee is, the longer it takes to recover.

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