Gynecomastia In Kaunas, Lithuania

gynecomastia abroad in Lithuania
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In the world of medicine the term gynecomastia is quiet common while it may strike as something new for the general population. Gynecomastia is defined as a pathological augmentation of male breasts due to increasing amount of glandular tissue which is naturally found in small amounts in the male’s breast. It should not be confused with the pseudogynecomastia which refers to the enlargement of the fat tissue in the breasts.

1.800 € / 1.450 £

(gynecomastia surgery)

500 € / 400 £

(airfare and accommodation)

The surgery price covers all necessary tests, 1-2 days stay in a hospital, surgery, anaesthesia, personal assistance and transportation during your visit.

The flights and accommodation price includes direct round-flight tickets from the UK, Ireland to Vilnius or Kaunas airports and 6 nights stay at a 4-star hotel.

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Causes of gynecomastia

The development of gynecomastia is strongly associated with variation of sex hormones. Before the puberty and during it there are some changes in this balance. In male’s organism it results in high concentration of female hormone estrogen which provokes the development of the gynecomastia. It should be emphasized that it is a temporal condition which lasts no longer than 2 years and has not to be taken into serious consideration.

On the other hand, there are cases when gynecomastia is irreversible, although the mechanism is similar – increased level of estrogen is the main trigger for the breast augmentation. Health disorders such as liver diseases, chronic renal failure or hyperthyroidism may also provoke the breast augmentation. By the way, diseases affecting reproductive system may also have the expression of gynecomastia as well as obesity.

Moreover, the enlargement of breast tissue is a common adverse effect of medications. It includes diuretic with anti-androgenic effect spironolactone, calcium channel blockers and ACE inhibitors which are used for hypertension, some antibiotics and anti-ulcer drugs. Some illegal organic substances (marijuana, heroin) may also influence the formation of gynecomastia.

Since the gynecomastia is psychologically traumatic body change for males it could take a long time while the patient is determined to consult a doctor. By the way, the enlargement of the breasts usually is accompanied by swelling or tenderness with the absence of pain. This just decreases the concern about the relevance of the problem, although the gynecomastia could be a symptom of breast cancer which should be ruled out during the consultation. The latter involves physical examination, mammography, evaluation of the liver and renal function or hormone levels in the blood.

Treatment methods

After a thorough examination a doctor will advise you on different ways of treatment and suggest the most suitable for your case. Hormone therapy could be used at the beginning. It includes testosterone replacement therapy in which drugs interfere with the effect or the metabolism of estrogen. The treatment is more effective in the early stages, as for the delayed process the surgery is better choice.

Before gynecomastia

The agreement to undergo surgical reduction of gynecomastia is a very personal decision. With the help of plastic surgeon you have to consider the main risks of the procedure. Also you should know what to expect after it and how it will change your body as well as your life.

If the planned result meets your expectations you will start the preparation for the surgery. During it you will be asked a lot of questions starting from previous health problems and medications you are taking now to the aspects of your daily life and the reasons that had the impact on gynecomastia.

Doctor will discuss with you whether the general anesthesia or local anesthesia with sedation is your option. Moreover, before the surgery some tests will be performed in order to estimate your general health condition. To assess the enlargement of glandular and fat tissue of the breast you may have to undergo x-ray or mammography once again. Finally, you will get some recommendations including diet changes, vitamins prescription and request to stop smoking.

About gynecomastia surgery

The procedure itself is quiet simple. It lasts an hour and a half. Of course, there are some variations in the duration of the procedure but usually it depends of severity of gynecomastia. The incision is made at the edge of areola (the dark side of nipple) or in the underarm area. Then the excessive glandular tissue is removed. If there is a large amount of fat tissue the procedure could be combined with liposuction in order to remove fat masses. In cases with pronounced enlargement of breasts the removal of skin is preferable. In such way the breast contour will be more natural and solid. The last step is an insertion of drain which will be used to relieve fluids and prevent surgical area from swelling, pain and infection.

Possible risks after gynecomastia

As with all surgical interferences there is a risk of complications. It includes transient hypoesthesia (a reduced sensation) of nipple site, hematoma or seroma which is more common for patients with high blood pressure and aspirin use. Also an asymmetry of breasts or irregularity of contour may occur as well as the recurrence of glandular or fat tissues.
Bear in mind that every case is individual and requires deep examination and consideration. This means that for one patient hormone replacement therapy may be enough, while the other may need a plastic surgery.

Recovery after gynecomastia

The postoperative period is very important since it greatly influences the success of the operation. Symptoms such as swelling and bruising will become common. If they interfere with your daily life medication should be of great use. For the prescription of analgetics contact your doctor and use them precisely as you were told. Wear an elastic bandage or garment for several weeks to prevent from stretching the incision site and pain. You should also avoid sexual activity, intensive exercising and exposure to strong sunlight which may change the color of incision site. You must be patient because the tangible results will be visible only after 2 or 3 months and the level of how visible the scar will be mostly depends on the care during the postoperative period and your organism abilities to regenerate.

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