Mažeikiai

Mažeikiai is a city located in North Lithuania on the shore of river Venta. It is only 10 kilometers far from the board with Latvia. Its location is a bit away from the rest of other bigger Lithuanian cities thus Mažeikiai is pretty influential one in the region. Overall in the district of Mažeikiai there live almost 66 000 people, almost 41 000 live in Mažeikiai. The Mažeikiai region is one of the most populous regions in Lithuania.

History

The first time when Mažeikiai name was mentioned in the written sources was 1335 when a chronicler from Livonia Order described one of their perpetual attacks of Lithuanian lands. Then lands of duke Mažeika were depredated.

Later on Mažeikiai was only a meaningless village located among forests and swamps until 1869 when a railway station was established there connecting Vilnius, the capital of Lithuania, and Liepoja (Latvia).Then the growth of Mažeikiai city began. Near the train station first plots were given to entrepreneurs, main Mažeikiai city streets started formatting. The city then was really multinational as people of various nationalities settled there: Jews, Russians, Lithuanians, Latvians. First religious institutions were orthodox churches and synagogues, the catholic church was first built there only in 1905. The city life became more and more active: businesses were fast developed, new fabrics and shops opened, schools and libraries set up. Only the First World War stopped the development. Terrible fires damaged Mažeikiai a lot. Despite that, the city soon recovered and during the years of Lithuanian Independence, it became a meaningful point of Lithuanian railroads system connecting Lithuania with Klaipėda harbor. For a short period Mažeikiai became a city of purchasers, and not producers and manufacturers, but after the economical recession, it changed into manufacturer status again. The Second World War mass nationalization, deportation and emigration influenced new difficulties for the city. However, Soviet efforts to recover damaged infrastructure of Mažeikiai stood up. The brewery, flax, footwear factories,  bake house and butter manufacture were opened. Obvious changes were also made in the cultural life of the city when House of culture, Music school and several new secondary schools were newly established. Finally, when in 1980 the oil refining company was there established, Mažeikiai became the biggest industrial city in Žemaitija region.  When Lithuania got back its independence, Mažeikiai stopped prospering. Unsuccessful privatizations, loss of Russian markets, failure of many local companies caused many problems . Nevertheless, life did not stop here. Diligent local inhabitants are not sitting without work. They believe in a beautiful future of the city.

Nowadays

Historical circumstances conditioned big growth of number of local inhabitants in Mažeikiai. Thick together people built up a new look of nowadays Mažeikiai city. Some large companies like Mažeikiai Dairy, “Pieno Žvaigždės“ (Milk Stars),  “Mažeikių duona” (Mažeikiai Bread), “Mažeikių betonas” (Mažeikiai Concrete) do not let the economical engine of the city to stop. City communities also do not let cultural and educational fields  to dry out. Five religious temples: 2 Roman Catholic, Orthodox, Lutheran and Baptist not only beautifies the city but also give spiritual inspiration for local communities. Meaningful heritage objects of the city like Mažeikiai Museum, monuments for famous writers, historical persons, historic buildings including even the train station, symbolic sculptures like the cross in the city park remind of the most important past events that are still alive in citizen`s hearts. Educational system of the city including 18 educational institutions has educated many well known talented individuals – sportsmen, musicians, actors, artists. Hopefully,in the future Mažeikiai will grow up even more celebrities resounding their native city.

Cities change the same as people do. Unexpected conditions sometimes force to cut things down and begin a new period. Mažeikiai city faced several tough challenges during its history. However, it is said that what does not kill us, makes us stronger. Obviously nothing could sink the resolution of Mažeikiai inhabitants to create a good life and they are doing great undoubtedly.

 

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