Kaunas


Kaunas in Lithuania is well known as a Provisional Capital and is famous for its basketball team “Žalgiris”, a Kaunas Zoo,  the central street called Freedom Avenue (Laisvės alėja) and local townspeople`s pride of their city. Kaunas is the second largest city in Lithuania established on the confluence of two largest  Lithuanian rivers Neris and Nemunas. Its population is more than 355550 inhabitants,93% of which are Lithuanians, 4% Russians and 3% of other nationalities. Kaunas covers the area of 157 km2 and is located in the central Lithuania.  

 History

Kaunas was first mentioned in 1361. The city overlived many ups and downs during its history, but it always was a strong resistance post against Lithuanian enemies.  The real prosperity of the city started after a historical triumph in Žalgiris battle in 1410. Kaunas was given the city rights then and started developing in trade, culture, crafts as well as in cooperating with countries of western Europe. Then the largest number of nowadays historic architectural heritage buildings were erected that are a manifest example of gothic, renaissance and baroque styles. However, the development of the city was slowed in 1795 after the  division of Commonwealth of Two Nations - Lithuania and Poland in favor of Austria, Russia and Prussia. Kaunas as the largest part of Lithuania felt to Russia and was under subordination of Russia for a century, but beautiful architectural monuments were still built until the First World War, when Kaunas got in state of war. That leaded to exiles, plundering and destroying the Kaunas city. After the First World War Kaunas citizens seriously got interested in the possibility of regaining the independence especially in 1920 when Poland occupied Vilnius and Kaunas was settled as a Lithuanian capital until 1939. While being the Capital Kaunas achieved some significant ambitions like some public houses establishment, setting the Kaunas University (nowadays it is called Vytautas the Great university of Kaunas ), establishing the Academy of Veterinary. What is more, the historical flight of S. Darius and S. Girėnas in 1933 must have ended in Kaunas, however their plane crashed 650km from the final destination. According to experts, the reason of this tragedy was the terrible weather conditions. Darius and Girėnas were embalmed in Kaunas cemetery. In 1939 Lithuania was forced to sign a mutual assistance treaty with the Soviet Union on the basis of the Molotov-Ribentrop pact and that lead to Soviet occupation although the Capital of Lithuania was returned to Vilnius as Lithuania got it back. During the Second World War Germans were thought to bring Lithuania its independence, however it revealed not to be truth, as a consequence the Soviet Army came back. The battles between Soviets and Nazis destroyed everything that was left in Kaunas and finally Lithuania was annexed by the Soviets for 60 years. The revival works started only in 1988 when significant movements towards freedom started. Despite facing many ruins in the past, Kaunas stands and delights its inhabitants and visitors now full of pride and vitality.

Kaunas nowadays

Kaunas is thought to be one of the best places in Lithuania for those who want to feel the real Lithuanian spirit. Visitors are able to take a walk in a spectacular Kaunas Old Town where gothic  Kaunas Castle of 14th century is attracting visitors in its architecture and amazing history as it was one of the main defensive posts in resisting Crusaders attacks. The Kaunas Castle was the first stone castle in Lithuania. In addition to this, visitors are able to see the spectacular Town Hall of 16th century which is often called the White Swan. The so called White Swan after the last reconstruction in 1970 became a wedding palace that also holds the Ceramics Museum. What is more, the Church of St. Francis Xavier and a Jesuits Monastery in one is also one of the remarkable Kaunas` places to visit as it reveals the unique example of 18th century Baroque style. Kaunas is famous for its unique Arch-Cathedral Basilica  which is the only church in Gothic style in Lithuania. Some Lithuanian illuminators like Simonas Daukantas and Vincentas Sladkevičius are buried there. The famous Pažaislis Ansemble  of the Church  of Holy Virgin Mary and Camaldolli Abbey is thought to be one of the greatest Lithuanian buildings of baroque style built by monks in 17th century. Pažaislis is also famous for the musical festivals that are held there annually. Despite all the architectural heritage worth visiting Kaunas holds number of interesting museums too. One of the most original museums is the Devils museum which is the only one of its kind in all over the World and holds more than 3000 exhibits. In Kaunas there is the only one Lithuanian Zoo too. The Freedom Avenue  (Laisvės alėja) is thought to be one of the main symbols of Kaunas which lasts 1,7km and connects the Old Town and the New Town of Kaunas. Kaunas also holds a significant museum of military heritage called the Kaunas Forttress which is the symbol of Lithuanian suffering during the wars and occupations. The most famous is the 9th Fort where more than 50000 people were killed by Nazis. The 9th Fort is a significant monument to the victims of military repressions.

Kaunas is an industrial city, where there are many activities and interesting places. Visitors may choose whether they want an easy relaxation at SPA center or rather an active and full of adrenaline leisure time spending while trying the professional acrobatic flights. Whatever you choose the spirit of Kaunas including Jazz music during the Jazz Festivals or enthusiastic cheering of basketball fans  during basketball matches will lead you during your stage in Kaunas.

Medical Travel Kaunas

Kaunas is getting more and more popular among tourists not only for its interesting museums and vibrant old town. It is also a new destination on a medical tourism map.

Kaunas is well known for its University of Medicine. Various professionals in the medical field graduate this university every year. As a result, Kaunas has a lot to offer if you are looking for a surgery, medical treatment, or just a thorough health check.

Kaunas is especially popular among people considering orthopaedic surgeries, such as hip or knee replacement, ACL reconstruction, or meniscus tear, and plastic surgeries, such as liposuction, tummy tuck, etc.

Visit Kaunas, experience the culture and get the treatment you need for less!

Kaunas - the city of opportunities

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